The town of Goole is situated in east Riding of Yorkshire. It is one of the most important ports on the east coast of England as it can handle about 3 million tons of cargo each year. Goole came about when King Charles I had the marshland at Hatfield Chase drained so small barges could transport coal from the South Yorkshire Coalfields to the newly developed Goole. It was at Goole that the coal was put onto seagoing transfer.
Goole expanded due to the Aire and Calder Navigation Company that created this company built town. The company opened a large canal in the coalfields in 1826 that had eight transshipment docks located at Goole. At Goole the Tom Pudding system of compartment boats was developed as well as large boat hoists to transfer the Pudding boats onto sea going ships. These boats were used up until 1985.
The canal was originally developed to transport much of the cloth produced in the area to the rest of the country. The development of the canal to make the Aire and Calder Rivers navigable to the Ouse River was one of the first of its kind and was responsible for the start of the Industrial revolution. The Knottingley & Goole Canal was constructed in 1826 to allow large ships to bypass the twisting Ouse River. In 1981 the canal was moved die to a coalmine that was built too close to the rivers banks. It collapsed and the canal and river was moved to avoid the new lake.
Goole has three locks that keep the docks at a constant water depth instead of fluctuating with the tide. Ships travel from Goole regularly to South Africa, Morocco, Spain, France, Belgium, Holland, Germany, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Italy, Denmark and Russia to name just a few. The town was originally had 450 people and today there are over 18,000 residents.